About Tai-Shin Do Karate Terms

Terms commonly used in Karate translated into English

Karate Glossary

Age Rising
Budo Martial way or Path (Tao in chinese)
Bushi Martial man, warrior
Bushido Way of the warrior (Code of conduct)
Bunkai Applications of kata
Chudan Middle area
Dojo Martial arts training place
Gasshuku Training camp
Gedan Lower area
Gi or Dogi Karate uniform
Go Hard, rigid
Goju-ryu Hard and soft style
Gyaku Reverse
Hajime Begin
Honbu dojo Main dojo
Ju Soft, flexible
Kamaete On guard
Kame Fighting stance
Karate Empty hand
Karate-do The way of karate
Karateka One who practises karate
Kata A set of pre-arranged techniques
Ki Spirit,life energy (Chi in Chinese)
Ki ai Shout to focus energy
Kihon Basic techniques
Kime Focus
Obi Belt
Ryu School or tradition
Samurai Japanese warrior class of feudal era
Seiken Fist with focus on first two knuckles
Sempai Lower dan grade, senior student
Sensei Instructor/Teacher
Shihan Master instructor
Shime Sanchin kata testing
Soto Outside (inside to outside)
Te Hand
Yame Stop or fininsh
Yoi Ready position

Counting

IchiOne
NiTwo
SanThree
ShiFour
GoFive
RokuSix
ShichiSeven
HachiEight
KuNine
JuTen
  
Ni juTwenty
San juThirty
Yon juFourty
Go juFifty
Roku juSixty
Nana juSeventy
Hachi juEighty
Ku juNinety
Hiyaku juOne hundred


 

Hand Techniques - Te Wasa

Age zuki Rising punch
Awase zuki U punch
Chudan zuki Middle level punch
Empi uchi Elbow strike
Gyaku zuki Reverse punch
Haishu Back hand
Hasami zuki Scissors punch
Heiko zuki Parallel punch
Jodan zuki Upper level punch
Kagi zuki Hook punch
Kizami zuki Jab or leading punch
Kote uchi Forearm strike
Mawashi zuki Round hook punch
Nihon zuki Double punch
Nukite zuki Finger thrust
Oi zuki Lunge punch
Shotei uchi Palm heel strike
Shotei zuki Palm heel thrust
Shuto uchi Knife hand strike (Karate Chop)
Tsuki (zuki) Punch or thrust
Tettsui uchi Hammer fist strike
Uchi Strike
Ura ken uchi Back fist strike
Ura zuki Short punch (palm up)
Yama zuki Mountain punch



Karate Blocks

Ashi barai Blocking sweep
Age uke (Jodan uke) Rising block (Upper block)
Chudan suki uke Middle scooping block
Chudan uke Inside circular block
Gedan barai Downward block (Lower block)
Gedan uchi barai Downward block (Fom outside inward)
Hiki uke Open hand pulling grasping block
Ko uke Wrist block
Mawashi uke Round house block with two hands
Shotei gedan bari Open hand downward block
Shotei uke Palm heel block
Shuto uke Knife hand block
Ura uke Back hand block



Karate Stances

"Dachi" or "Tachi" means stance in Japanese, and describes primarily the position of the feet in various Karate stances

Hachiji dachi Natural stance (feet shoulder width apart toes slightly pointed out)
Han zenkutsu dachi Half front stance (Short Zenkutsu dachi)
Hachiji dachi Natural stance (feet shoulder width apart toes slightly pointed out)
Heiko dachi Parallel stance (feet shoulder width apart)
Heisoku dachi Closed foot stance (feet together)
Kiba dachi Horse riding stance (feet parallel)
Neko ashi dachi Cat stance
Sanchin dachi Hourglass stance
Shiko dachi Straddle leg stance (horse stance feet at 45 degrees)
Zenkutsu dachi Front stance



Fighting Postures - Kamae

The fighting postures (Kamae, sometimes also "Kame") include the position of the arms and legs as well as the body angle and center of gravity. For example, Gedan No Kame is a lower level fighting posture, with the legs in Shiko Dachi (thus the centre of gravity quite low), body angled at 45 (or even 90 degrees) and the arms ready to respond to lower and middle level attacks.

Gedan no kamae Lower level fighting posture
Chudan no kamae Middle level fighting posture
Hanmi no kamae Half forward facing fighting posture
Jodan no kamae Upper level fighting posture
Kame Fighting posture
Morote no kamae Augmented hand fighting posture
Shizen dachi no kamae Natural fighting posture



Foot Techniques / Kicking - Ashi Waza

"Ashi" means foot in Japanese, and Geri (sometimes also spelled "Keri") means kick

Ashi barai Foot sweep
Hiza geri Knee kick
Kansetsu geri Knee joint kick
Keri (Geri) Kick
Mae geri (Keage) Front kick (snap)
Mae geri (Kekomi) Front kick (thrust)
Mawashi geri Round house kick
Ren geri Double front snap kick (Front leg first)
Ura yoko geri Spinning side kick
Ushiro geri Back thrust kick
Yoko geri (Keage) Side snap kick
Yoko geri (Kekomi) Side thrust kick


Parts of the Foot

Haisoku Instep
Hiza Knee
Josokutei Ball of the foot
Kakato Heel of the foot
Sokuto Foot edge
Tsumasaki Tip of the toes